How Painting can help Children with Autism and Other Learning Differences?
The main challenges while working with an autistic child is that they have difficulties in verbally and socially communicating with others. Today we have various behavioural treatments or therapies and medicines to help an autistic child to develop his/her social skills, build self-confidence, control anger and overcome other challenges but researchers suggest that one of simplest yet very effective method is to introduce the child to art.
According to Delhi’s new generation, contemporary artist Shantala Palat (also an art teacher) - art has both a healing as well as a meditative element for kids. It inspires them and allows a different kind of space for free and creative expression. Art builds self-confidence in a way that children need. It develops listening skills and an ability to work from part-to-whole. It develops trust in one’s teacher.
As each child is different, there is no right or wrong method that can be applied to all children with autism to get them introduced to art. Hence, the goal is to start art projects that are easy to understand and do. Finger painting, hand painting, making puppets or clay moulding are easy to start with and later move to complex ones once the child starts to develop interest and confidence in art. If the child does not like one medium, do not give and try another method. Remember, art projects should be fun.
Also, the most rewarding part of introducing an autistic child to painting is when the child starts expressing their feelings and impressions of the world through their brush.
Young Indian Talents
Siddharth Nair from Cochin
At the age of two, Siddharth Muraly Nair suddenly fell silent. He stopped talking. Seeing him drooling at one end of his mouth and his muscle power weakening, his anxious parents rushed him to doctors who duly diagnosed him with Asperger’s Syndrome — a medical condition which makes it difficult for an individual to engage in socializing and meaningful conversations.
At a young age Siddharth's mother introduced him to the world of colours and images. Siddharth began painting, using pencils and acrylic and watercolours, replicating what he saw at home, at school, at his grandparents’ home and the places he visited, onto the white canvas. By the time he reached the eighth grade, his father said, Nair’s teachers recognised the artist in him and compelled him to devote more time to the art. His speaking skills, though restrained by Asperger’s, had improved as well.
Amrit Khurana from Delhi NCR
Amrit Khurana may have little to say in person, but she speaks through her paintings with unbridled clarity. Amrit started her journey with art at the tender age of 8, when her day-to-day drawings was recognised by her teacher at the Selaqui World School in Dehradun. But before that, Amrit and her family faced a greater problem – she was differently abled because of her autism. But only the expression of the artist matters when it comes to art.
Amrit does not confine her art within the boundaries of technique. Her lines are her strength and she prefers to paint in flat tones. Her paintings are vibrant as is her soul.
Some of the famous artist who had autism are:
Michelangelo was a painter, architect, designer and engineer. Multi-talented as he was, it was probably the effect of a slight autistic tendency of on the most classic artists in the world.
Pablo Picasso is perhaps the greatest modern painters the world has known. The one who gave birth to abstract art, Picasso also struggled with social behaviour problems and had a mild form of autism.
Tim Burton, the most loved filmmakers and animator of all time also was diagnosed by his wife, Helena Bonham-Carter to have Asperger’s syndrome. The maker of Edward Scissorhands, puts all his passion and empathy in his work and that’s what makes his brilliance radiant.
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart: Composer, musician, brilliance impersonated and autistic. He was a child prodigy and took to music immediately at an early age under the tutelage of his father. Now, he is remembered as the greatest musician the world has ever seen.